One of the most useful contributions in the modern medicine is Thrombolytics when it comes to treating blood clot and heart attack. This is a class of medication that is often used to break life threatening blood clots. By definition, this type of medication can provide the needed pharmacological assistance to break apart blood clots and in turn prevent extreme damages such as heart attacks and other types of stroke. In cases of stroke and heart attack, a clot may impede the blood flow to the body’s important organs including the brain. In essence, this drug is used basically for the prevention and or breaking up of antithrombotics (eantothrombotics), intravascular thrombi anticoagulants, and fibrinolytics.
Although these drugs are very useful in preventing life threatening conditions, there are certain side effects present that can be very risky for people with poor reaction to the medication and those who have been treated improperly. There are patients, regardless of how much they need thrombolytics simply do not react well to the occurrence of this drug which can cause embolism, stroke, and other related blood problems. The incidence of strokes could be a possible side effect of using this drug although the hemorrhaging usually associated with the ensuing stroke could occur wherever this medication is locally applied. So even if this drug can destroy and break apart blood clots that often result to an ischemic stroke, this can also activate and set off a hemorrhagic stroke which is one among the primary cause of brain damage.
Among the serious concerns for a patient in thrombolytic therapy is the use this drug in the past. There is the possibility due to the patient’s exposure to previous treatments; he or she could have developed an allergy to thrombolytic which activates the side effects that are often re-introduced upon exposure to thrombolytics. If this could be the case, doctors need to know the medical history of the patient so they can find a more fitting treatment approach without using a thrombolytic therapy. Failure to identify these factors can result to myocardial infarction or permanent brain damage especially if the patient has been exposed to similar conditions before.
This medication performs better for a heart attack when administered within three hours after the attack. However, a thrombolytic medication may not be appropriate for everyone. Taking a thrombolytic medication can be risky for a patient having conditions like recuperating from a recent major injury, bleeding ulcer, brain tumor, stroke, suspected aorta tearing, recent surgery, chronic hypertension or hypotension, bleeding disorder, etc. The age and weight of the person must also be considered before administering thrombolytic treatment particularly during emergency situations.
Thrombolytic treatment works well and it certainly saves life particularly when implemented properly. Studies showed that at least 18% rate in death reduction occurs when thrombolytic treatment is administered on time after a heart attack. But there are certain side effects that must be considered when using thrombolytic treatment. Severe bleeding may happen particularly in the brain and an intracranial hemorrhage is considered to be very life threatening. The risk is also higher when the patient is much older, with increased blood pressure, or has a low body weight.